Dr W J Jenkins In 1977 when the Sheffield Transfusion Centre took delivery of the first GROUPAMATIC blood grouping machine in the UK it was equipped with a sample identification system involving complicated and expensive disposable punched cards. In fact, the cards were so expensive that Dr Wagstaff was unable to find the revenue to support the system. A year later, when Brentwood took delivery of a GROUPAMATIC, we were faced with the same problem, but by chance we heard that KONTRON was developing a laser scanning system for bar code labels and we were able to have our machine modified. Subsequently the Sheffield machine was altered to take the bar code scanner. At about the same time the Bristol Centre was helping TECHNICON with the development of the AUTO GROUPER C-16, and fortunately they decided on a laser reader of the same type for bar code identification. Thus there were three centres with the capability for reading bar codes on blood grouping machines and it became necessary to find someone to produce the bar code labels. There was only on~ printer in the UK who could produce labels to the required specification. To cut the costs of printing, and in the hope of avoiding a wide variation in codes, I invited representatives of centres interested in the problem to a meeting, where we set up what we called the Group of Six. This later became an official Working Party of the Regional Transfusion Directors.
Throw them out and ratings skyrocket on cable TV. At church, you may fill a few more seats whenever you spice your sermon with them. In politics, they rally the base. In communities, they bond people with commonalities and keep at bay the deviant. In all cases, however, somebody pays for them, and lives with them, sometimes forever. In Stereotypes and Labels, Kirby A. Manager, PhD., uses real-life examples to show how tags, labels and stereotypes impact the lives of millions in communities around us. He explores how we all pay for it at the end.
Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Investigations of Biological Systems by Using Spin Labels, Spin Probes, and Intrinsic Metal Ions Part A, the latest volume in theMethods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers research methods in spin probes and EPR for studying biological structure and function, and includes sections on such topics as computational methods related to spin labels and EPR instrumentation and methodology.